Next Generation Science Standards

Next Generation Science Standards

The Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) are K–12 science content standards. Standards set the expectations for what students should know and be able to do. The NGSS were developed by states to improve science education for all students.

A high-quality science education means that students will develop an in-depth understanding of content and develop key skills—communication, collaboration, inquiry, problem solving, and flexibility—that will serve them throughout their educational and professional lives.

Each of Virtual Sea Camp’s (VSC) interactive classes and online courses meets the Next Generation Science Standards, which inspire our participants to become scientifically literate students. The VSC program content provides a range of high-quality resources that empower each of our participants to bring natural sciences to life.

Each of our courses and virtual camps has a complete list of the NGSS fulfilled found in the description.

Disciplinary Core Ideas, Science & Engineering Practices & Crosscutting Concepts

Disciplinary Core Ideas:

MS-LS2.1:   Analyze and interpret data to provide evidence for the effects of resource availability on organisms and populations of organisms in an ecosystem.

MS-LS2.2: Construct an explanation that predicts patterns of interactions among organisms across multiple ecosystems.

MS-ETS1.1: Define the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions.

MS-ETS1.2: Evaluate competing design solutions using a systematic process to determine how well they meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.

MS-ETS1.3: Analyze data from tests to determine similarities and differences among several design solutions to identify the best characteristics of each that can be combined into a new solution to better meet the criteria for success.

ESS2.D.1: Weather and climate are influenced by interactions involving sunlight, the ocean, the atmosphere, ice, landforms, and living things. These interactions vary with latitude, altitude, and local and regional geography, all of which can affect oceanic and atmospheric flow patterns.

ETS1.A.1: The more precisely a design task’s criteria and constraints can be defined, the more likely it is that the designed solution will be successful. Specification of constraints includes consideration of scientific principles and other relevant knowledge that is likely to limit possible solutions.

ETS1.B.1: There are systematic processes for evaluating solutions with respect to how well they meet the criteria and constraints of a problem.

ETS1.B.1: There are systematic processes for evaluating solutions with respect to how well they meet the criteria and constraints of a problem.

ETS1.B.3: A solution needs to be tested, and then modified on the basis of the test results in order to improve it. There are systematic processes for evaluating solutions with respect to how well they meet criteria and constraints of a problem.

ETS1.B.3: A solution needs to be tested, and then modified on the basis of the test results in order to improve it. There are systematic processes for evaluating solutions with respect to how well they meet criteria and constraints of a problem.

CCCS..ELA-Literacy.RST6.8-3 Follow precisely a multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks.

CCCS..ELA-Literacy.RST6.8-1 Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts.

Science & Engineering Practices

  1. A-H ASKING QUESTIONS AND DEFINING PROBLEMS
  2. G DEVELOPING AND USING MODELS
  3. C,D PLANNING AND CARRYING OUT INVESTIGATION
  4. A,B, D, F, G, H ANALYZING AND INTERPRETING DATA
  5. A-F CONSTRUCTING EXPLANATIONS AND DESIGNING SOLUTIONS
  6. D,E OBTAINING, EVALUATING, AND COMMUNICATING INFORMATION

Crosscutting Concepts

PATTERNS

Patterns can be used to identify cause and effect relationships.

Graphs, charts and images can be used to identify patterns in data.

CAUSE AND AFFECT

Cause and effect relationships may be used to predict phenomena in natural or designed systems.

Disciplinary Core Ideas, Science & Engineering Practices & Crosscutting Concepts

Disciplinary Core Ideas

LS1.A.2: Organisms reproduce, either sexually or asexually, and transfer their genetic information to their offspring

LS1.A.4: In multicellular organisms, the body is a system of multiple interacting subsystems. These subsystems are groups of cells that work together to form tissues and organs that are specialized for particular body functions.

LS1.B.1: Animals engage in characteristic behaviors that increase the odds of reproduction.

LS2.A.1: Organisms, and populations of organisms, are dependent on their environmental interactions both with other living things and with nonliving factors.

LS2.A.2: In any ecosystem, organisms and populations with similar requirements for food, water, oxygen, or other resources may compete with each other for limited resources, access to which consequently constrains their growth and reproduction.

LS2.A.3: Growth of organisms and population increases are limited by access to resources.

LS2.A.4: Similarly, predatory interactions may reduce the number of organisms or eliminate whole populations of organisms. Mutually beneficial interactions, in contrast, may become so interdependent that each organism requires the other for survival. Although the species involved in these competitive, predatory, and mutually beneficial interactions vary across ecosystems, the patterns of interactions of organisms with their environments, both living and nonliving, are shared.

LS2.C.1: Ecosystems are dynamic in nature; their characteristics can vary over time. Disruptions to any physical or biological component of an ecosystem can lead to shifts in all its populations.

LS2.C.2: Biodiversity describes the variety of species found in Earth’s terrestrial and oceanic ecosystems. The completeness or integrity of an ecosystem’s biodiversity is often used as a measure of its health.

ESS2.D.1: Weather and climate are influenced by interactions involving sunlight, the ocean, the atmosphere, ice, landforms, and living things. These interactions vary with latitude, altitude, and local and regional geography, all of which can affect oceanic and atmospheric flow patterns.

ESS3.C.2: Typically as human populations and per-capita consumption of natural resources increase, so do the negative impacts on Earth unless the activities and technologies involved are engineered otherwise.

ETS1.A.1: The more precisely a design task’s criteria and constraints can be defined, the more likely it is that the designed solution will be successful. Specification of constraints includes consideration of scientific principles and other relevant knowledge that is likely to limit possible solutions.

ETS1.B.2: A solution needs to be tested, and then modified on the basis of the test results, in order to improve it.

ETS1.B.5: Sometimes parts of different solutions can be combined to create a solution that is better than any of its predecessors.

ETS1.C.2: The iterative process of testing the most promising solutions and modifying what is proposed on the basis of the test results leads to greater refinement and ultimately to an optimal solution.

MS-LS1.4: Use argument based on empirical evidence and scientific reasoning to support an explanation for how characteristic animal behaviors and specialized plant structures affect the probability of successful reproduction of animals and plants respectively

MS-LS2.1:   Analyze and interpret data to provide evidence for the effects of resource availability on organisms and populations of organisms in an ecosystem.

MS-LS2.4: Construct an argument supported by empirical evidence that changes to physical or biological components of an ecosystem affect populations.

MS-ETS1.1: Define the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions.

MS-ETS1.2: Evaluate competing design solutions using a systematic process to determine how well they meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.

MS-ETS1.3: Analyze data from tests to determine similarities and differences among several design solutions to identify the best characteristics of each that can be combined into a new solution to better meet the criteria for success.

ETS1.B.1: There are systematic processes for evaluating solutions with respect to how well they meet the criteria and constraints of a problem.

ETS1.B.3: A solution needs to be tested, and then modified on the basis of the test results in order to improve it. There are systematic processes for evaluating solutions with respect to how well they meet criteria and constraints of a problem.

CCCS..ELA-Literacy.RST6.8-3 Follow precisely a multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks.

CCCS..ELA-Literacy.RST6.8-1 Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts.

Science & Engineering Practices

1 A-H ASKING QUESTIONS AND DEFINING PROBLEMS

2 G DEVELOPING AND USING MODELS

3 C,D,E PLANNING AND CARRYING OUT INVESTIGATION

  1. A,B, D, F, G, H ANALYZING AND INTERPRETING DATA
  2. A-F CONSTRUCTING EXPLANATIONS AND DESIGNING SOLUTIONS
  3. A-E OBTAINING, EVALUATING, AND COMMUNICATING INFORMATION

Crosscutting Concepts

PATTERNS

Patterns can be used to identify cause and effect relationships

Graphs, charts and images can be used to identify patterns in data

CAUSE AND AFFECT

Cause and effect relationships may be used to predict phenomena in natural or designed systems.

INFLUENCE OF ENGINEERING, TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE ON SOCIETY AND THE NATURAL WORLD

All human activity draws on natural resources and has both short and long term consequences, positive as well as negative, for the health of people and the natural environment.

(Disciplinary Core Ideas, Science & Engineering Practices & Crosscutting Concepts)

Disciplinary Core Ideas: All Below are MS

LS1.B.1: Animals engage in characteristic behaviors that increase the odds of reproduction.

LS2.A.1: Organisms, and populations of organisms, are dependent on their environmental interactions both with other living things and with nonliving factors.

LS2.A.2: In any ecosystem, organisms and populations with similar requirements for food, water, oxygen, or other resources may compete with each other for limited resources, access to which consequently constrains their growth and reproduction.

LS2.A.3: Growth of organisms and population increases are limited by access to resources.

LS2.A.4: Similarly, predatory interactions may reduce the number of organisms or eliminate whole populations of organisms. Mutually beneficial interactions, in contrast, may become so interdependent that each organism requires the other for survival. Although the species involved in these competitive, predatory, and mutually beneficial interactions vary across ecosystems, the patterns of interactions of organisms with their environments, both living and nonliving, are shared.

LS2.C.1: Ecosystems are dynamic in nature; their characteristics can vary over time. Disruptions to any physical or biological component of an ecosystem can lead to shifts in all its populations.

LS2.C.2: Biodiversity describes the variety of species found in Earth’s terrestrial and oceanic ecosystems. The completeness or integrity of an ecosystem’s biodiversity is often used as a measure of its health.

ESS3.C.1: Human activities have significantly altered the biosphere, sometimes damaging or destroying natural habitats and causing the extinction of other species. But changes to Earth’s environments can have different impacts (negative and positive) for different living things.

ESS3.C.2: Typically as human populations and per-capita consumption of natural resources increase, so do the negative impacts on Earth unless the activities and technologies involved are engineered otherwise.

ETS1.A.1: The more precisely a design task’s criteria and constraints can be defined, the more likely it is that the designed solution will be successful. Specification of constraints includes consideration of scientific principles and other relevant knowledge that is likely to limit possible solutions.

ETS1.B.2: A solution needs to be tested, and then modified on the basis of the test results, in order to improve it.

ETS1.B.3: A solution needs to be tested, and then modified on the basis of the test results in order to improve it. There are systematic processes for evaluating solutions with respect to how well they meet criteria and constraints of a problem.

ETS1.B.4: There are systematic processes for evaluating solutions with respect to how well they meet the criteria and constraints of a problem.

ETS1.B.5: Sometimes parts of different solutions can be combined to create a solution that is better than any of its predecessors.

ETS1.C.2: The iterative process of testing the most promising solutions and modifying what is proposed on the basis of the test results leads to greater refinement and ultimately to an optimal solution.

MS-LS1.4: Use argument based on empirical evidence and scientific reasoning to support an explanation for how characteristic animal behaviors and specialized plant structures affect the probability of successful reproduction of animals and plants respectively.

MS-LS2.1:   Analyze and interpret data to provide evidence for the effects of resource availability on organisms and populations of organisms in an ecosystem.

MS-LS2.2: Construct an explanation that predicts patterns of interactions among organisms across multiple ecosystems.

MS-LS2.4: Construct an argument supported by empirical evidence that changes to physical or biological components of an ecosystem affect populations.

MS-ESS3.4: Construct an argument supported by evidence for how increases in human population and per-capita consumption of natural resources impact Earth’s systems.

MS-ETS1.1: Define the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions.

MS-ETS1.2: Evaluate competing design solutions using a systematic process to determine how well they meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.

MS-ETS1.3: Analyze data from tests to determine similarities and differences among several design solutions to identify the best characteristics of each that can be combined into a new solution to better meet the criteria for success

ETS1.B.1: There are systematic processes for evaluating solutions with respect to how well they meet the criteria and constraints of a problem.

ETS1.B.3: A solution needs to be tested, and then modified on the basis of the test results in order to improve it. There are systematic processes for evaluating solutions with respect to how well they meet criteria and constraints of a problem.

CCCS..ELA-Literacy.RST6.8-3 Follow precisely a multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks.

CCCS..ELA-Literacy.RST6.8-1 Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts.

Science & Engineering Practices

1 A-H ASKING QUESTIONS AND DEFINING PROBLEMS

2 G DEVELOPING AND USING MODELS

3 A, C ,D, E PLANNING AND CARRYING OUT INVESTIGATION

  1. A, B, D, G, H ANALYZING AND INTERPRETING DATA
  2. A-F CONSTRUCTING EXPLANATIONS AND DESIGNING SOLUTIONS
  3. A-E OBTAINING, EVALUATING, AND COMMUNICATING INFORMATION

Crosscutting Concepts

PATTERNS

Patterns can be used to identify cause and effect relationships.

Graphs, charts and images can be used to identify patterns in data.

CAUSE AND AFFECT

Cause and effect relationships may be used to predict phenomena in natural or designed systems.

SYSTEMS AND SYSTEM MODELS

Models are limited in that they only represent certain aspects of the system under study.

INFLUENCE OF ENGINEERING, TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE ON SOCIETY AND THE NATURAL WORLD

All human activity draws on natural resources and has both short and long term consequences, positive as well as negative, for the health of people and the natural environment.

Disciplinary Core Ideas, Science & Engineering Practices & Crosscutting Concepts

Disciplinary Core Ideas: All Below are MS

LS1.A.2: Organisms reproduce, either sexually or asexually, and transfer their genetic information to their offspring

LS1.A.4: In multicellular organisms, the body is a system of multiple interacting subsystems. These subsystems are groups of cells that work together to form tissues and organs that are specialized for particular body functions.

LS1.B.1: Animals engage in characteristic behaviors that increase the odds of reproduction.

LS2.A.1: Organisms, and populations of organisms, are dependent on their environmental interactions both with other living things and with nonliving factors.

LS2.A.2: In any ecosystem, organisms and populations with similar requirements for food, water, oxygen, or other resources may compete with each other for limited resources, access to which consequently constrains their growth and reproduction.

LS2.A.3: Growth of organisms and population increases are limited by access to resources.

LS2.A.4: Similarly, predatory interactions may reduce the number of organisms or eliminate whole populations of organisms. Mutually beneficial interactions, in contrast, may become so interdependent that each organism requires the other for survival. Although the species involved in these competitive, predatory, and mutually beneficial interactions vary across ecosystems, the patterns of interactions of organisms with their environments, both living and nonliving, are shared.

LS2.C.1: Ecosystems are dynamic in nature; their characteristics can vary over time. Disruptions to any physical or biological component of an ecosystem can lead to shifts in all its populations.

LS2.C.2: Biodiversity describes the variety of species found in Earth’s terrestrial and oceanic ecosystems. The completeness or integrity of an ecosystem’s biodiversity is often used as a measure of its health.

ESS2.D.1: Weather and climate are influenced by interactions involving sunlight, the ocean, the atmosphere, ice, landforms, and living things. These interactions vary with latitude, altitude, and local and regional geography, all of which can affect oceanic and atmospheric flow patterns.

ESS3.C.2: Typically as human populations and per-capita consumption of natural resources increase, so do the negative impacts on Earth unless the activities and technologies involved are engineered otherwise.

ETS1.A.1: The more precisely a design task’s criteria and constraints can be defined, the more likely it is that the designed solution will be successful. Specification of constraints includes consideration of scientific principles and other relevant knowledge that is likely to limit possible solutions.

ETS1.B.2: A solution needs to be tested, and then modified on the basis of the test results, in order to improve it.

ETS1.B.5: Sometimes parts of different solutions can be combined to create a solution that is better than any of its predecessors.

ETS1.C.2: The iterative process of testing the most promising solutions and modifying what is proposed on the basis of the test results leads to greater refinement and ultimately to an optimal solution.

MS-LS1.4: Use argument based on empirical evidence and scientific reasoning to support an explanation for how characteristic animal behaviors and specialized plant structures affect the probability of successful reproduction of animals and plants respectively

MS-LS2.1:   Analyze and interpret data to provide evidence for the effects of resource availability on organisms and populations of organisms in an ecosystem

MS-LS2.4: Construct an argument supported by empirical evidence that changes to physical or biological components of an ecosystem affect populations

MS-ETS1.1: Define the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions.

MS-ETS1.2: Evaluate competing design solutions using a systematic process to determine how well they meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.

MS-ETS1.3: Analyze data from tests to determine similarities and differences among several design solutions to identify the best characteristics of each that can be combined into a new solution to better meet the criteria for success.

ETS1.B.1: There are systematic processes for evaluating solutions with respect to how well they meet the criteria and constraints of a problem.

ETS1.B.3: A solution needs to be tested, and then modified on the basis of the test results in order to improve it. There are systematic processes for evaluating solutions with respect to how well they meet criteria and constraints of a problem.

CCCS..ELA-Literacy.RST6.8-3 Follow precisely a multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks.

CCCS..ELA-Literacy.RST6.8-1 Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts.

Science & Engineering Practices

1 A-H ASKING QUESTIONS AND DEFINING PROBLEMS

2 G DEVELOPING AND USING MODELS

3 C,D,E PLANNING AND CARRYING OUT INVESTIGATION

  1. A,B, D, F, G, H ANALYZING AND INTERPRETING DATA
  2. A-F CONSTRUCTING EXPLANATIONS AND DESIGNING SOLUTIONS
  3. A-E OBTAINING, EVALUATING, AND COMMUNICATING INFORMATION

Crosscutting Concepts

PATTERNS

Patterns can be used to identify cause and effect relationships

Graphs, charts and images can be used to identify patterns in data

CAUSE AND AFFECT

Cause and effect relationships may be used to predict phenomena in natural or designed systems.

INFLUENCE OF ENGINEERING, TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE ON SOCIETY AND THE NATURAL WORLD

All human activity draws on natural resources and has both short and long term consequences, positive as well as negative, for the health of people and the natural environment.

Disciplinary Core Ideas, Science & Engineering Practices & Crosscutting Concepts

Disciplinary Core Ideas: All Below are MS Standards

LS1.A.2: Organisms reproduce, either sexually or asexually, and transfer their genetic information to their offspring

LS1.B.1: Animals engage in characteristic behaviors that increase the odds of reproduction.

LS2.A.1: Organisms, and populations of organisms, are dependent on their environmental interactions both with other living things and with nonliving factors.

LS2.A.2: In any ecosystem, organisms and populations with similar requirements for food, water, oxygen, or other resources may compete with each other for limited resources, access to which consequently constrains their growth and reproduction.

LS2.A.3: Growth of organisms and population increases are limited by access to resources.

LS2.A.4: Similarly, predatory interactions may reduce the number of organisms or eliminate whole populations of organisms. Mutually beneficial interactions, in contrast, may become so interdependent that each organism requires the other for survival. Although the species involved in these competitive, predatory, and mutually beneficial interactions vary across ecosystems, the patterns of interactions of organisms with their environments, both living and nonliving, are shared.

LS2.C.1: Ecosystems are dynamic in nature; their characteristics can vary over time. Disruptions to any physical or biological component of an ecosystem can lead to shifts in all its populations.

LS2.C.2: Biodiversity describes the variety of species found in Earth’s terrestrial and oceanic ecosystems. The completeness or integrity of an ecosystem’s biodiversity is often used as a measure of its health.

ETS1.B.1: There are systematic processes for evaluating solutions with respect to how well they meet the criteria and constraints of a problem.

ETS1.B.5: Sometimes parts of different solutions can be combined to create a solution that is better than any of its predecessors.

ETS1.C.2: The iterative process of testing the most promising solutions and modifying what is proposed on the basis of the test results leads to greater refinement and ultimately to an optimal solution.

ESS2.D.1: Weather and climate are influenced by interactions involving sunlight, the ocean, the atmosphere, ice, landforms, and living things. These interactions vary with latitude, altitude, and local and regional geography, all of which can affect oceanic and atmospheric flow patterns.

MS-LS2.1:   Analyze and interpret data to provide evidence for the effects of resource availability on organisms and populations of organisms in an ecosystem

MS-LS2.4: Construct an argument supported by empirical evidence that changes to physical or biological components of an ecosystem affect populations

MS-LS2.5: Evaluate competing design solutions for maintaining biodiversity and ecosystem services.

MS-ETS1.1: Define the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions.

MS-ETS1.2: Evaluate competing design solutions using a systematic process to determine how well they meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.

MS-ETS1.3: Analyze data from tests to determine similarities and differences among several design solutions to identify the best characteristics of each that can be combined into a new solution to better meet the criteria for success.

ETS1.B.1: There are systematic processes for evaluating solutions with respect to how well they meet the criteria and constraints of a problem.

ETS1.B.3: A solution needs to be tested, and then modified on the basis of the test results in order to improve it. There are systematic processes for evaluating solutions with respect to how well they meet criteria and constraints of a problem.

CCCS..ELA-Literacy.RST6.8-3 Follow precisely a multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks.

CCCS..ELA-Literacy.RST6.8-1 Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts.

Science & Engineering Practices

1 A-C ASKING QUESTIONS AND DEFINING PROBLEMS

2 G DEVELOPING AND USING MODELS

3 C,D PLANNING AND CARRYING OUT INVESTIGATION

  1. A,B, D, F, G, H ANALYZING AND INTERPRETING DATA
  2. A-F CONSTRUCTING EXPLANATIONS AND DESIGNING SOLUTIONS
  3. D,E OBTAINING, EVALUATING, AND COMMUNICATING INFORMATION

Crosscutting Concepts

PATTERNS

Patterns can be used to identify cause and effect relationships

Graphs, charts and images can be used to identify patterns in data

CAUSE AND AFFECT

Cause and effect relationships may be used to predict phenomena in natural or designed systems.

INFLUENCE OF ENGINEERING, TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE ON SOCIETY AND THE NATURAL WORLD

All human activity draws on natural resources and has both short and long term consequences, positive as well as negative, for the health of people and the natural environment.

Disciplinary Core Ideas, Science & Engineering Practices & Crosscutting Concepts

Disciplinary Core Ideas

LS1.A.2: Organisms reproduce, either sexually or asexually, and transfer their genetic information to their offspring

LS1.A.4: In multicellular organisms, the body is a system of multiple interacting subsystems. These subsystems are groups of cells that work together to form tissues and organs that are specialized for particular body functions.

LS1.B.1: Animals engage in characteristic behaviors that increase the odds of reproduction.

LS2.A.1: Organisms, and populations of organisms, are dependent on their environmental interactions both with other living things and with nonliving factors.

LS2.A.2: In any ecosystem, organisms and populations with similar requirements for food, water, oxygen, or other resources may compete with each other for limited resources, access to which consequently constrains their growth and reproduction.

LS2.A.3: Growth of organisms and population increases are limited by access to resources.

LS2.A.4: Similarly, predatory interactions may reduce the number of organisms or eliminate whole populations of organisms. Mutually beneficial interactions, in contrast, may become so interdependent that each organism requires the other for survival. Although the species involved in these competitive, predatory, and mutually beneficial interactions vary across ecosystems, the patterns of interactions of organisms with their environments, both living and nonliving, are shared.

LS2.C.1: Ecosystems are dynamic in nature; their characteristics can vary over time. Disruptions to any physical or biological component of an ecosystem can lead to shifts in all its populations.

LS2.C.2: Biodiversity describes the variety of species found in Earth’s terrestrial and oceanic ecosystems. The completeness or integrity of an ecosystem’s biodiversity is often used as a measure of its health.

ESS2.D.1: Weather and climate are influenced by interactions involving sunlight, the ocean, the atmosphere, ice, landforms, and living things. These interactions vary with latitude, altitude, and local and regional geography, all of which can affect oceanic and atmospheric flow patterns.

ESS3.C.2: Typically as human populations and per-capita consumption of natural resources increase, so do the negative impacts on Earth unless the activities and technologies involved are engineered otherwise.

ETS1.A.1: The more precisely a design task’s criteria and constraints can be defined, the more likely it is that the designed solution will be successful. Specification of constraints includes consideration of scientific principles and other relevant knowledge that is likely to limit possible solutions.

ETS1.B.2: A solution needs to be tested, and then modified on the basis of the test results, in order to improve it.

ETS1.B.5: Sometimes parts of different solutions can be combined to create a solution that is better than any of its predecessors.

ETS1.C.2: The iterative process of testing the most promising solutions and modifying what is proposed on the basis of the test results leads to greater refinement and ultimately to an optimal solution.

MS-LS1.4: Use argument based on empirical evidence and scientific reasoning to support an explanation for how characteristic animal behaviors and specialized plant structures affect the probability of successful reproduction of animals and plants respectively

MS-LS2.1:   Analyze and interpret data to provide evidence for the effects of resource availability on organisms and populations of organisms in an ecosystem

MS-LS2.4: Construct an argument supported by empirical evidence that changes to physical or biological components of an ecosystem affect populations.

MS-ETS1.1: Define the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions.

MS-ETS1.2: Evaluate competing design solutions using a systematic process to determine how well they meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.

MS-ETS1.3: Analyze data from tests to determine similarities and differences among several design solutions to identify the best characteristics of each that can be combined into a new solution to better meet the criteria for success.

ETS1.B.1: There are systematic processes for evaluating solutions with respect to how well they meet the criteria and constraints of a problem.

ETS1.B.3: A solution needs to be tested, and then modified on the basis of the test results in order to improve it. There are systematic processes for evaluating solutions with respect to how well they meet criteria and constraints of a problem.

CCCS..ELA-Literacy.RST6.8-3 Follow precisely a multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks.

CCCS..ELA-Literacy.RST6.8-1 Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts.

 Science & Engineering Practices

1 A-H ASKING QUESTIONS AND DEFINING PROBLEMS

2 G DEVELOPING AND USING MODELS

3 C,D,E PLANNING AND CARRYING OUT INVESTIGATION

  1. A,B, D, F, G, H ANALYZING AND INTERPRETING DATA
  2. A-F CONSTRUCTING EXPLANATIONS AND DESIGNING SOLUTIONS
  3. A-E OBTAINING, EVALUATING, AND COMMUNICATING INFORMATION

Crosscutting Concepts

PATTERNS

Patterns can be used to identify cause and effect relationships

Graphs, charts and images can be used to identify patterns in data

CAUSE AND AFFECT

Cause and effect relationships may be used to predict phenomena in natural or designed systems.

INFLUENCE OF ENGINEERING, TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE ON SOCIETY AND THE NATURAL WORLD

All human activity draws on natural resources and has both short and long term consequences, positive as well as negative, for the health of people and the natural environment.

Disciplinary Core Ideas, Science & Engineering Practices & Crosscutting Concepts

Disciplinary Core Ideas: All Below are MS

LS1.A.4: In multicellular organisms, the body is a system of multiple interacting subsystems. These subsystems are groups of cells that work together to form tissues and organs that are specialized for particular body functions.

LS1.B.1: Animals engage in characteristic behaviors that increase the odds of reproduction.

LS1.B.2: Plants reproduce in a variety of ways, sometimes depending on animal behavior and specialized features for reproduction.

LS1.C.1: Plants, algae (including phytoplankton), and many microorganisms use the energy from light to make sugars (food) from carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and water through the process of photosynthesis, which also releases oxygen. These sugars can be used immediately or stored for growth or later use.

LS1.C.2: Within individual organisms, food moves through a series of chemical reactions in which it is broken down and rearranged to form new molecules, to support growth, or to release energy.

LS2.A.1: Organisms, and populations of organisms, are dependent on their environmental interactions both with other living things and with nonliving factors.

LS2.A.2: In any ecosystem, organisms and populations with similar requirements for food, water, oxygen, or other resources may compete with each other for limited resources, access to which consequently constrains their growth and reproduction.

LS2.A.3: Growth of organisms and population increases are limited by access to resources.

LS2.A.4: Similarly, predatory interactions may reduce the number of organisms or eliminate whole populations of organisms. Mutually beneficial interactions, in contrast, may become so interdependent that each organism requires the other for survival. Although the species involved in these competitive, predatory, and mutually beneficial interactions vary across ecosystems, the patterns of interactions of organisms with their environments, both living and nonliving, are shared.

LS2.B.1: Food webs are models that demonstrate how matter and energy is transferred between producers, consumers, and decomposers as the three groups interact within an ecosystem. Transfers of matter into and out of the physical environment occur at every level. Decomposers recycle nutrients from dead plant or animal matter back to the soil in terrestrial environments or to the water in aquatic environments. The atoms that make up the organisms in an ecosystem are cycled repeatedly between the living and nonliving parts of the ecosystem.

MS-LS1.1: Conduct an investigation to provide evidence that living things are made of cells; either one cell or many different numbers and types of cells.

MS-LS1.4: Use argument based on empirical evidence and scientific reasoning to support an explanation for how characteristic animal behaviors and specialized plant structures affect the probability of successful reproduction of animals and plants respectively.

MS-LS1.6: Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for the role of photosynthesis in the cycling of matter and flow of energy into and out of organisms.

MS-LS2.1:   Analyze and interpret data to provide evidence for the effects of resource availability on organisms and populations of organisms in an ecosystem.

MS-LS2.4: Construct an argument supported by empirical evidence that changes to physical or biological components of an ecosystem affect populations.

MS-ETS1.1: Define the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions.

ETS1.B.1: There are systematic processes for evaluating solutions with respect to how well they meet the criteria and constraints of a problem.

ETS1.B.3: A solution needs to be tested, and then modified on the basis of the test results in order to improve it. There are systematic processes for evaluating solutions with respect to how well they meet criteria and constraints of a problem.

CCCS..ELA-Literacy.RST6.8-3 Follow precisely a multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks.

CCCS..ELA-Literacy.RST6.8-1 Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts.

Science & Engineering Practices

1 A-H ASKING QUESTIONS AND DEFINING PROBLEMS

2 G DEVELOPING AND USING MODELS

3 C,D,E PLANNING AND CARRYING OUT INVESTIGATION

  1. A,B, D, F, G, H ANALYZING AND INTERPRETING DATA
  2. A-F CONSTRUCTING EXPLANATIONS AND DESIGNING SOLUTIONS
  3. A-E OBTAINING, EVALUATING, AND COMMUNICATING INFORMATION

Crosscutting Concepts

PATTERNS

Patterns can be used to identify cause and effect relationships

Graphs, charts and images can be used to identify patterns in data

STABILITY AND CHANGE

Small changes in one part of a system might cause large changes in another part.

CAUSE AND AFFECT

Cause and effect relationships may be used to predict phenomena in natural or designed systems.

INFLUENCE OF ENGINEERING, TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE ON SOCIETY AND THE NATURAL WORLD

All human activity draws on natural resources and has both short and long term consequences, positive as well as negative, for the health of people and the natural environment.

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